Most filter system used in the aquarium tank has basically three main functions:
- First is biological where the filters are designed in such a manner that it can grow bacteria which are meant for consuming ammonia and nitrites discharged by the fish. There are many different filters available that performs this function.
- Next is mechanical filter, which is so is intended to easily filter out all the solid particles that are present in water, so that your fish tank remains clear from all kinds of debris.
- Third is chemical filter, which can sieve out all kinds of harmful chemicals e.g. chlorine or any metals that are present in tap water.
Which type of filter one must get?
All the above filters can work fine for any aquarium, if you can regularly clean and maintain them. However, based on the size of your tank, you need to decide the right kind of filter. You can either have any one type of filter or a combination based on the requirements.
Most important about the filters are:
- How much capacity of water your system has to filter? You must ensure that your filter is sufficiently powerful to filter the amount of water to be used for the tank.
- For any mechanical or chemical filters, you must use right quality of bio balls, lava rock, sponge or bio rings to be used as biological filter. Also, for mechanical filters, use right quality of material.
Is it necessary that filter must be always on?
Certainly, as harmful nitrites or ammonia discharged by fish can be harmful for their survival. Larger fish can also eliminate large amount of waste and depending upon the size of fish used for the aquarium the filter selection has to be done.
It is also necessary to regularly test the water for its pH level, and also ammonia and nitrite level.
How long should you run these filters before adding the fish?
Any new tank will not develop enough number of bacteria, which are part of filter media. Therefore, it is necessary to cycle the tank water about couple of weeks before adding any fish in the tank. You can get ammonium chloride and bacteria obtained from Fish Tank Focus. Before you add these in the tank water and let the process begin check the water by using necessary test kit. Once you find that ammonia and nitrite levels are appropriate for the survival of fish, then you can add them.
How much electricity will be consumed by these filters?
Filters are usually not too power consuming devices. On the contrary the heaters, and lighting are the major consumers of the electricity. Heaters consumes the maximum amount of electricity. By using LED lights, it is possible to reduce the consumption of lights.
Where to fit the fish tank filter?
Filter should be fitted just at off center of the tank, which is on the backside of tank so that water circulation can be better. Depending on the type of the filter to be used the expert will guide you the exact location of placing the filter.